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Kansai University Review of Business and Commerce-No.16 >

このアイテムの引用には次の識別子を使用してください: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/11007

タイトル: The Making of Japanese Patent Culture: The Impact of Westinghouse’s International Patent Management
著者名: NISHIMURA, Shigehiro
著者の別表記: 西村, 成弘
キーワード: 関西大学
Kansai University
論文発行年月日: 2015年3月
出版者: Faculty of Commerce, Kansai University
雑誌名: Kansai University Review of Business and Commerce
巻: 16
開始ページ: 23
終了ページ: 47
抄録: This paper clarifies Japanese patent culture from the viewpoints of patent management and international business history. We examine the cases of Westinghouse Electric and Mitsubishi Electric. Although Westinghouse granted exclusive licenses to Mitsubishi, it controlled its Japanese patents directly through its own patent agent. Therefore, positive influences of Westinghouse’s international patent management on Mitsubishi were limited. Rather, Mitsubishi developed its patent management comparatively independently. In 1923, Mitsubishi appointed a person to be in charge of patent affairs exclusively, followed by the formation of a patent section. Since 1935, the patent department began administrating patent applications internally. Mitsubishi accumulated the organizational capability to apply for and administrate a volume of patents in the course of technical tie-ins with Westinghouse. This is the context of the creation of a Japanese patent culture. On the enforcement side, Mitsubishi Electric created a reconciliation system with competitors. Japanese electrical companies did not claim their rights strongly, but instead acted harmoniously toward each other. The reconciliation system consisted mainly of Mitsubishi, Shibaura Works, Hitachi, and Fuji Electric. This represents another feature of Japanese patent culture.
資料種別: Departmental Bulletin Paper
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/11007
ISSN: 13448455
書誌レコードID: AA11662421
著者版フラグ: publisher
出現コレクション:Kansai University Review of Business and Commerce-No.16

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