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Journal of East Asian Cultural Interaction Studies
東アジア文化交渉研究-Vol.3 >

このアイテムの引用には次の識別子を使用してください: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/3027

タイトル: 17~19世紀江戸・東京近郊の花き園芸の発達と空間的拡散―グローバル/ロ-カルな視点からの菊の歴史地理―
タイトル(その他言語/よみかな): The Development and the Spatial Diffusion of Floriculture in Edo/Tokyo Suburbs from the 17th to 19th Century: Historical Geography of Chrysanthemum Cultivation in Global and Local Perspectives
著者名: 野間, 晴雄
キーワード: 花き園芸

論文発行年月日: 2010年3月31日
出版者: 関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点(ICIS)
雑誌名: 東アジア文化交渉研究 = Journal of East Asian Cultural Interaction Studies
巻: 3
開始ページ: 395
終了ページ: 431
抄録: In the latter half of the 17th century, floricultures as well as garden plants prospered in Edo as the pleasure of urban common people. Especially, one of the largest and most remarkable horticulture centers in the world was formed around Sugamo, Komagome and Somei villages in the northern periphery of Edo. Although the origin of the center’s formation was based on the gardening of daimyos and noble families, a prominent group of commercial farmers and gardeners became floriculture specialists for Edo’s ordinary residents. Various kinds of horticulture were developed such as garden plants, bonsai( dwarf potted tree) and cultivation of morning glory and chrysanthemum. The origin of chrysanthemum species is assumed to be in China, however, the significant varieties have been developed in Japan, and a kind of chrysanthemum culture flourished throughout the Edo period. Additionally, a series of cultivation technology, including empirical scientific observations and chrysanthemum works and figure making were developed by the above mentioned entreprenant gardeners. Many practical guidebooks and manuals on floriculture, including Kadan-Chikinsho (花壇地錦抄),were published from the end of 17th to 19th century for many varieties of chrysanthemum. The objective of this paper is to analyze the diffusing process of chrysanthemum cultivation and people’s entertainment, and the spatial differentiation, from the viewpoint of urban expansion process of Edo (renamed Tokyo after 1867) as well as farmer’s commercial behavior, by reinterpreting historical documents and old local area maps. After Japan opened its country in 1858, some European “plant hunters” accompanied by official personnel started collecting plant seeds, nurseries of rare and beautiful flowers or trees such as azalea in Japan. Their aim was to bring them back to their sponsor’s countries safely to transplant. Their method of collecting growing plants was to buy them from gardeners or farmers around Edo/Tokyo or Yokohama, where a foreign settlement was located, rather than to explore wild species by themselves. The main reason of this was that all foreigners were strictly restricted to travel around in Japan. Robert Fortune (1812-1880), a renowned English plant hunter who had mainly travelled inland China in search for useful plants like tea or rare and beautiful flowers which fit in cool climate of the UK, was a good example. The author also focuses on the network among plant hunters, gardeners and suburban farmers around Tokyo.
資料種別: Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/3027
ISSN: 1882-7748
シリーズ番号/レポート番号: Vol.3


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