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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/16195

Title: 清代大運河の航運について
Other Titles: The Transportation of the Great Canal in the Qing Dynasty
Authors: 松浦, 章
Author's alias: MATSUURA, Akira
Keywords: 関西大学
Kansai University
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2001
Publisher: 関西大学東西学術研究所
Shimei: 関西大学東西学術研究所紀要
Volume: 34
Start page: 23
End page: 37
Abstract: There have been a lot of accumulations of researches on the current Jing Hang Canal, the Great Canal, originating in Tbngzhou in the suburbs of Beijing, through Tianjin, Shandon Province, Jiangsu Province, and reaching Zhejiang Province. Especially the research on the Canal in the Qing Dynasty has been discussed from the viewpoint with the history of transportation systems mainly for the rice as taxes. In this paper, the transportation in the Qing Dynasty is discussed from the viewpoint of water transportation based on the dang'an materials. The vessels engaged in the transportation in the Great Canal in the Qing Dynasty carried about 500 shi of rice each and sailed at the average of 27.6 li a day. When they returned to the south with no load, they sailed at the average of 43 Ii a day, about 1. 6 times faster than when they had rice on board. The difference between the two conditions is obvious. More than 4000 vessels sailed in the Great Canal a year, from Human, Hubei, Juangi, Zhejiang, Jiangnan, Henan, Shandong Provinces to Tianjin and Tongzhou. It is known that in Yangzhou where the Great Canal crosses the Chang Jiang, more than 50,000 vessels cleared the customs a year in 1757 and 1758, and more than 66,000 vessels in 1790. So it is estimated that the total number of vessels which was used for the transportation of the rice as taxes was equivalent to about 10 % of all the vessels sailed on the Great Canal.
type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/16195
ISSN: 02878151
NCID: AN0004709X
Text Version: publisher
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