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関西大学外国語教育研究-第16号 >

このアイテムの引用には次の識別子を使用してください: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/2534

タイトル: 言語研究の底を流れる思想を考える ―推論様式を手掛かりとして―
タイトル(その他言語/よみかな): On the Western Metaphysical Tradition Underlying Major Linguistic Theories: Some Remarks with Special Reference to Several Modes of Inference
著者名: 山本, 英一
著者の別表記: YAMAMOTO, Eiichi
キーワード: inference
non-monotonic
reasoning
rationality
efficiency
mataphysics
論文発行年月日: 2008年10月
出版者: 関西大学外国語教育研究機構
出版者の別表記: Institute of Foreign Language Education and Research Kansai University
雑誌名: 関西大学外国語教育研究
巻: 16
開始ページ: 47
終了ページ: 61
抄録: Prevailing linguistic theories, whether they are of syntax or of pragmatics, are loaded with ideas that often leave Japanese linguists perplexed and alienated. At the root of these ideas is a Western metaphysical tradition that dates back to Plato and Aristotle, according to which divine reality is considered to exist beyond the reach of our sensory perception. Thus, physical objects and physical events are just “shadows”, both temporary and inconsequential, of their ideal or perfect forms, which are inaccessible to those that use only their senses. Since Japanese linguists, however, tend indeed to believe in things that they can perceive with their five senses, to them such trust in divine reality is incomprehensible. Awareness of this ideal or perfect existence is claimed to be universal, and achieved through rationality. This belief often leads major Western linguists to assume that human beings are entirely rational and reliably efficient creatures, and blithely to ignore all irrational and inefficient aspects to their communicative behavior. Focusing on several modes of inference that seem relevant to pragmatics, this paper suggests that attention should be given to non-monotonic reasoning (i.e., a method of inference that allows the production of more than one interpretation of an utterance), the idea of which is both non-rational and aslo perfectly palatable to Japanese linguists, whose thinking is quite independent of the Western metaphysical tradition referred to above.
内容記述: 河合忠仁教授追悼号
資料種別: Departmental Bulletin Paper
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/2534
ISSN: 13467689
書誌レコードID: AA11583868
著者版フラグ: publisher
出現コレクション:関西大学外国語教育研究-第16号

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