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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/2797

Title: 海外からの植物移送・保存技術に関わる史料(翻刻) : 大英帝国プラントハンターの元締めJ.バンクスによる手引き書
Other Titles: An Historical Document on "Rules for Collecting and Preserving Specimens of Plants" Written by Joseph Banks (1796) : Plant Hunters' Manual in British Empire in the End of 18th Century
Authors: 野間, 晴雄
Author's alias: NOMA, Haruo
Keywords: plant hunter
J.Banks
プラントハンター
J.バンクス
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2009
Publisher: 関西大学東西学術研究所
Shimei: 関西大学東西学術研究所紀要
Volume: 42
Start page: 51
End page: 60
Abstract: イギリスのプラントハンターの総元締めのJ.Banksが記した海外からの植物の移送・保存に関する指示書。マイクDフィルムからの手稿の翻刻をした。
This paper is aimed to transliterate the English manuscript "Rules for Collecting and Preserving Specimens of Plants" (1796) written by Joseph Banks (1743‒1820), who is a renown English plant collector, and then became an influential patron for plant hunters, explorers or natural historians in the late 18th century to the early 19th century. Since the original document is preserved in the British Library, the author used the microfilm copy possessed in Kansai University library. The background of this written document is how to transport live plants collected in Asia, Africa and New Continents for plant hunters to Western Europe with moderate and cool climate. The end of 18th century is the last phase of scientific navigation era for European countries. British Empire sent James Cook to the Pacific Ocean navigation in order to astronomical survey and make correct maps in 1768‒1771. J. Banks took the same ship and collected many rare plants. After he came back to Britain, he, as the president of the Royal Society of London for the Promotion of Natural Knowledge, started to support financially to collect rare or economically useful plants in the world by plant hunters. At the same time, he instructed plant hunters or botanists to send rare plants, seeds, and herbarium to Kew Garden in the suburbs of London. Thus, the Kew Garden has become the world center of plants. Since the transport live plants to Britain by ship safely is a very difficult work at that time, so Banks instructed minutely in the document such as the protection them from sea water, uncertain temperature and humidity.
type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/2797
ISSN: 02878151
NCID: AN0004709X
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:関西大学東西学術研究所紀要 -第42輯

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