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このアイテムの引用には次の識別子を使用してください: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/2803

タイトル: 謝冰心と家塾
タイトル(その他言語/よみかな): Xie Bingxin and Private Schools
著者名: 萩野, 脩二
著者の別表記: HAGINO, Shuji
キーワード: 謝冰心
家塾
清俗紀聞
馮友蘭
女四書
論文発行年月日: 2009年4月1日
出版者: 関西大学東西学術研究所
雑誌名: 関西大学東西学術研究所紀要
巻: 42
開始ページ: 1
終了ページ: 21
抄録: Xie Bingxin (1900‒99) spent her childhood in Yantai of Shandong province between 1903 and 1911. Her elementary education began in this Yantai period when Bingxin learned how to read with cards from her mother. Although her grandfather owned a private school in Fuzhou, Bingxin never went to such a kind which was a popular educational institution at that time. Instead, he preferred to play outside. Besides, Bingxin's father instructed her shooting and horse riding. The educational system of late Qing China as well as culture, custom, and tradition, particularly in the provinces of Fujian, Zhejiang, and Jiangsu, is mentioned in Shinzoku Kibun 清俗紀聞. Dated in the Edo period, the book is based on fact-facing information offered by Chinese people who resided in Nagasaki, a Japan's only opening port at that time. According to the book, literate education was provided both for boys and girls from four and five year olds. Getting around ten years old, boys moved to prepare for civil service examinations whereas girls were required to stay at home to do housework including sewing and embroidering. Such circumstances is also referred in Feng Youlan's San song tang zi xu 三松堂自序. Private schools in late Qing China educated children with textbooks including Qianziwen 千字文 and Baijiaxing 百家姓 as well as Nü si shu 女四書, Xiaojing 孝経, and Lie nü zhuan 烈女伝. The biography of Huang Luyin, Bingxin's contemporary female novelist, and Ba Jin's novel Chūn 春, also refer to these books. It shows that the educational system of Qing China reinforced feudalism by educating girls with textbooks such as Nü si shu 女四書. However, the 1911 Revolution rapidly encouraged educational reforms for modern institutionalisation that gradually faded the tradition of private schools. Bingxin experienced pre-modern elementary education on the basis of the feudal policy before the Revolution. In other words, her lived her childhood in a turning point to a new era.
資料種別: Departmental Bulletin Paper
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/2803
ISSN: 02878151
書誌レコードID: AN0004709X
著者版フラグ: publisher
出現コレクション:関西大学東西学術研究所紀要 -第42輯

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