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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/2854

Title: イングランド東インド会社台湾商館関係史料管見 : リターン号事件との関わり
Other Titles: The Return case seen through the documents of Taiwan Factory of English East India Company
Authors: 朝治, 啓三
Author's alias: ASAJI, Keizo
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2008
Publisher: 関西大学東西学術研究所
Shimei: 関西大学東西学術研究所紀要
Volume: 41
Start page: 1
End page: 18
Abstract: After a visit of Return, a trade ship of English East India Company, to Japan in 1673 to re-open trade with Japan, was refused by Tokugawa Shogunate, the Company continued to try to sell English wool to Japan and Taiwan through various routes. A factory was established in Taiwan and asked the king of Taiwan to carry English wool to Japan. But Taiwan merchants refused to accept the company's request saying that Japanese merchants might dislike buying English wool. Dutch East India Company may buy English woollen cloths in Bantam or in Batavia from English Company and bring them to Amoy and Nagasaki. English Company's documents in British Library reveal English woollen cloths were not well bought in Amoy, and loaded them in a returning ship to Surat, India, via Taiwan. Ching dynasty prohibited the merchants of coastal area to trade freely with foreign merchants till Ching's army did overcome the rule of the family of Cheng Ch'eng-kung, 'Coxinga', Taiwan king, in 1682. Then, in 1684, the government changed trade policy and let foreign traders have contact with Chinese ones under the strict regulation of Ching Government in Canton. But in Japan the strict trade regulation of European goods still existed after 1673. Only little amount of woollen cloths was permitted to be bought by Japanese wealthy people. After 1684 Chinese adventurers into South East Asia increased their number and settled in various plantations there. Pirates in East Chine Sea became regulated by coastal guards of Ching dynasty, less smuggling prevailed since then. The Dutch and English East India Company tried to get copper from logistics between Asian nations. But triangle trade system by European companies did have a hard time to manage through in the last decade of the seventeenth century.
type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/2854
ISSN: 02878151
NCID: AN0004709X
Text Version: publisher
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