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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/3083

Title: リターン号事件(一六七三年)の英国側史料と我が国におけるその利用
Other Titles: English Manuscripts in British Library on the Case of Return and Japan Diary, 1673
Authors: 朝治, 啓三
Author's alias: ASAJI, Keizo
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2007
Publisher: 関西大学東西学術研究所
Shimei: 関西大学東西学術研究所紀要
Volume: 40
Start page: 31
End page: 40
Abstract: The Return, the ship sent to Taiwan and Japan by English East India Company, arrived in Nagasaki asking for re-opening the Anglo-Japanese trade in 1673. The Tokugawa shogunate after two month consideration refused the captain to re-open the trade. That English King, Charles II, married with a Portuguese princess, Catherine, seems to have been regarded as the main reason of the refusal, because before the arrival of Return the Dutch Company informed the Shogunate of the king's marriage with a Catholic lady. Detailed investigation of the Documents in British Library and the Public Record Office in London has revealed that such an interpretation was not correct. After leaving Nagasaki Return stopped at a Taiwan port where English Factory of the Company was established by the agreement between the king of Taiwan and the court of the Company. The court of the company and English King tried to sell English-made woolen manufactures to Japan and get silver as much as possible. They misunderstood the demand of the Japanese market, and English woolen goods did not sell well anywhere in Eastern Asia. In 1680 the court gave up the trade in Taiwan and closed the factory there. The company failed in establishing factory in Mainland China. The Qing Dynasty of China introduced a new trade controlling system, Kaikan 海関 in Guangdong 広東 after Taiwan king surrendered to the Dynasty in 1680s. The English company seems to have been forced to adjust to the new system. The exchange of Chinese tea with silver brought from Europe began. The Japanese market had been closed to European merchants except the Dutch by then.
type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/3083
ISSN: 02878151
NCID: AN0004709X
Text Version: publisher
Appears in Collections:関西大学東西学術研究所紀要 -第40輯

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