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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/7895

Title: 名護市仲尾次集落における集落の形成思想と空間構造
Other Titles: Ideas of Formation and the Spatial Structure of the Nakaoshi Settlemant
Authors: 松井, 幸一
高橋, 誠一
Author's alias: MATSUI, Koichi
TAKAHASHI, Seiichi
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2013
Publisher: 関西大学東西学術研究所
Shimei: 関西大学東西学術研究所紀要
Volume: 46
Start page: 151
End page: 172
Abstract: Ryukyu, centered around the mainland of Okinawa, developed its own culture and folk customs while actively interacting with different regions across the ocean. The maritime trade with neighboring countries introduced not only goods, but foreign culture, folklore, and philosophies to Ryukyu, one of which was feng shui, which is associated with the forming of settlements. The spatial structure of traditional settlements in Ryukyu, however, reflects a combination of feng shui, brought from a foreign land, and the "kusati" philosophy, native to Ryukyu. This paper examines the interior spatial structure of the Nakaoshi settlement, located in Nago city, in the northern part of Okinawa Island, and reveals the characteristics of the ideas of formation and the spatial structure of the settlement. This study discusses the settlement format, the street format, the distribution of sacred spots, the main families and the branch families, the distribution of ishiganto (a stone slab used to ward off evil spirits), the land division, and the number of housing lots per division, and examines how each of these components is related to the formation ideas and spatial structure of the settlement. First, the Nakaoshi settlement takes a format called haizan ryusui, enclosed by mountains on the back and adjoined by water in the front. The street format in the settlement is somewhat "messy" with many curved and intentionally unaligned streets. The haizan ryusui format and the unorganized street format are a result of people's deep concern with qi, indicating that the Nakaoshi settlement is influenced by feng shui. Sanctuaries called uganju are concentrated toward the back of the center area, around which are niya, houses of the main families. Houses of the branch families are mostly located to the front of niya, and houses of each family tend to spread east to west. Also, the higher the religious ranking of those adopted into the main family is (e.g. shinto priests, female bishops), the closer to uganju their niya is located. The supremacy of uganju was the central idea in house distribution. The spatial structure seen here is a product of the kusati-inspired formation of living and religious spaces. The sixty ishiganto are densely, but extensively laid out in the Nakaoshi settlement. The distribution is wide and even throughout the settlement. If this distribution of ishiganto is part of the succession of people's traditional view of geography, it is obvious that this view has been shared by the entire settlement, not just a particular group of people. Finally, the settlement has a mixture of vertical, horizontal, and square land formats. Older houses are located mostly in the area where vertical and horizontal formats are combined, which indicates that land division and houses built in each division are closely linked. The number of housing lots per division increases as one goes from the uganju area, where one housing lot per division is common, to the periphery of the settlement, where each division has two or three housing lots. This is because houses built farther away from uganju and niya belong to lower-ranked families according to the kusati philosophy, and these lower-ranked families are further divided into each division for housing space. In short, this hierarchical allotment of housing spaces also reflects the kusati philosophy. After examining the ideas of formation and spatial structure of the settlement, this paper concludes that the formation of the Nakaoshi settlement is based on both feng shui and kusati. Also, the analysis of land division, the number of housing lots per division, and distribution of houses suggests a close connection between the division format and kusati. The influence of feng shui, kusati, and the traditional view of geography, which are to be found throughout the settlement, contributes to the current spatial structure of the settlement.
type: Departmental Bulletin Paper
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10112/7895
ISSN: 02878151
NCID: AN0004709X
Text Version: publisher
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